Focus

Focus (100)

13
February

The Indonesian Government through the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources announced the fuel price formula of the Non-Subsidized Fuel that will be channeled to all gas stations (SPBU) and Fishermen's gas stations (SPBU for fishermen). Director General of Energy and Mineral Sources at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, Djoko Susanto reported to journalists on Sunday (Feb 10) in Jakarta that the fuel price formula helps Indonesia's state-owned energy company set the fuel price of the non-subsidized fuel category. The new fuel price formula is established based on the lowest margin namely 5% and the highest one which is 10%. Djoko Susanto told that the current conversion rates deployed are the middle exchange rate of Bank Indonesia and one barel equals to 159 liters.Djoko Susanto added that the adjustment of the fuel price aims to protect consumers as well as establish healthy and fair competition among fuel retailers so that fuel retailers will not take too many advantages. Djoko expressed his optimism that the formula could encourage fair competition among state energy holding companies so that the implementation of fuel business would bring justice.Through the new fuel price formula of non-subsidized fuel per liter, the price of fuel per liter has been reduced at a number of gas stations. On the same day, the state-owned petroleum company PT. Pertamina applied another price adjustment for the non-subsidized fuel price. Media Comminication of PT. Pertamina, Arya Dwi Paramita said a day before the implementation of the fuel price adjustment that the fuel price adjustment is conducted to respond to the global raw crude oil price trend and the strenghtening of the rupiah currency against the dollar currency.The reduction of the fuel price of the non-subsidized fuel will vary from Rp 50 per liter and Rp 800 per liter.Retail Marketing Director of PT. Pertamina, Mas'ud Khamid explained that in accordance to the government's regulation, Pertamina as the state-owned gas and oil company, Pertamina complies with the new fuel price policy based on the new fuel price formula set by the government.

04
February

The National Disaster Mitigation Agency -BNPB held a National Coordination Meeting at East Java Expo 2019 in Surabaya, East Java on Saturday (2/2). More than 4,000 participants from the BPBD Regional Disaster Mitigation Agency throughout Indonesia and representatives from ministries, institutions, governors, regents / mayors, TNI, Polri, academics and others attended the expo. Accompanied by the Head of BNPB, Doni Monardo, Indonesian President Joko Widodo opened the National Coordination Meeting. In his remarks, the President stated that this forum was very strategic in coordinating and consolidating the strength that Indonesia has in anticipating disasters. On this occasion, President Joko Widodo delivered six points of his direction. First, spatial planning; design and construction must pay attention to disaster-prone maps. By looking at the recurring cycle of disasters, it can be seen that disaster locations are often in the same place. For example in NTB, the area hit by the earthquake in 2018 turned out to have also experienced the same occurrence in 1978. The earthquake in Palu, Central Sulawesi also happened before. Second, the involvement of academics, disaster experts and researchers must also participate to examine which point is very prone to disasters. This must be done massively. Third, if there is a disaster, the local Governor will automatically become the commander of the emergency task force along with the Regional Military Commander and the Regional Police Chief to become the deputy commanders of the task force. Fourth, an integrated early warning system based on recommendations from experts must be used, including in regional level. Learning from Japan, people did not panic when the earthquake happened. They just ran when there was a siren and knew the evacuation route. Fifth point is disaster education. This program must begin this year in disaster-prone areas for schools through teachers and religious leaders. Therefore, a warning board and evacuation routes are needed. Sixth point is to carry out simulations and disaster handling exercises regularly, to remind communities continuously down to the neighborhood level so that people are truly prepared to face disasters. Disasters might be earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, or landslides. Though admittedly, the most frequent disaster is earthquake. On the occasion, President Joko Widodo also took part in a dialogue with the participants. After that, he inspected the display of equipment for disaster management.

10
December

The petrochemical industry complex owned by Lotte Chemical Indonesia in Cilegon, Banten with value US$3.5 billion dollars or Rp52.5 trillion rupiah was officially built. The construction was marked by a procession of laying the first stone by Minister of Industry, Airlangga Hartarto on Friday (7/12). In his remarks, Minister Airlangga said that the petrochemical industry is as important as the steel industry, as the mother of industry. Therefore, a stable environment and business climate need to be maintained so that this project is successfully implemented properly. Based on its characteristics, according to Minister Airlangga, the petrochemical industry is categorized as a type of manufacturing sector that is capital intensive, technology intensive, and energy-intensive. So, it needs special attention from the government for sustainable development. He also explained that in the Making Indonesia 4.0 road map, the chemical industry has been determined to be one of the sectors that received development priority to become a pioneer in the implementation of the Industrial Revolution 4.0. Therefore, the Ministry of Industry appreciates PT Lotte Chemical Indonesia to have realized its investment by building a petrochemical industrial complex with 100-hectare area. The petrochemical industry complex has a total production capacity of 2 million tons of naphtha crackers per year. The raw material is then processed to produce ethylene, propylene, polypropylene, and other derivative products which are also of high added-value. The production of PT. Lotte Chemical Indonesia is to meet domestic and global demand. The infrastructure development project is estimated to absorb up to 1,500 direct workers and indirect labor can reach 4,000 in the period 2019-2023. This effort is believed to improve Indonesia's economy fundamentally, by saving foreign exchange from import substitution, and will also be able to improve the trade balance. According to Minister Airlangga, the production of the petrochemical industry can support the reduction of imports of petrochemical products by at least 50 percent. He also hopes that the project will prioritize the use of local components, including workers who will be involved in this project. They must be prioritized from within the country.

04
December

 

The commitment of Indonesian citizens abroad to preserve the values of Pancasila continues to be fostered. Pancasila values are guidelines, philosophies, and life views of the nation and state. This was expressed by President of the Indonesian Diaspora Network-United (IDN-United), Herry Utomo in the Pancasila Week event in Melbourne, Australia (28/11). As quoted by tempo.co, Herry Utomo said that the values of Pancasila must be implanted in the Indonesian diaspora and future generations as a form of love for the homeland, Indonesia.

The week event of Pancasila is a series of workshops, dialogues and seminars from 28 November to 1 December 2018. The event was also attended by members of the Steering Committee of the Pancasila Ideology Development Board (BPIP), Mahfud MD as the speaker at the event. He said that the history of Pancasila and the importance of Pancasila values are the fortress to prevent radicalism. He remarked that there has been an effort to eradicate the Pancasila ideology so that it needs socialization and guidance for the Indonesian citizens not only in the country but also abroad.

Meanwhile, Member of the House of Representatives, Daryatmo Mardiyanto in the absorption of community aspirations with the theme "Stabilization of Pancasila Ideology" at United Futsal Singocandi, Kudus, Central Java (29/11), as quoted by tribunews.com, viewed that rural communities have applied more values that contained in the Pancasila. The values are mutual cooperation, togetherness and tolerance. He also said that the communities, especially those who live in villages, are very familiar with cooperation.

Member of the Regional Representative Council (DPD) of the Republic of Indonesia at the Regional Election of Bangka Belitung (Babel), Bahar Buasan calls for all Indonesian people, especially Bangka Belitung people to strengthen the values of Pancasila in their environment. He views that the values of Pancasila must be taught mainly to the family. As quoted by Posbelitung.co, Bahar Buasan said that families play a major role in establishing Pancasila values in their activities. Take for example; they participate in ongoing socialization activities. Thus, the communities are able to re-practice the Pancasila in people's lives. Pancasila needs to be re-instilled from the family so that it can be understood and practiced in daily life. Bahar Buasan also explained that strengthening Pancasila values in people's lives at this time is very necessary because the national challenges to be faced by Indonesia in the future are even greater. He also added that strengthening Pancasila values could fortify itself from various negative influences from both internal and external, such as the rapid flow of globalization.

20
November

 

Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Mohamad Nasir has issued Minister Regulation No. 55/2018 concerning the Development of National Ideology in Student Activities in the Campus Environment. Later, each campus is obliged to establish a National Ideology Guards Student Activity Unit (UKM-PIB). This unit will bring back the extra-Pancasila-based organization in campus to help strengthen efforts to prevent radicalism in campus.


The unit will also be a forum for student organizations to contest in strengthening the fading national ideology in the campus environment with the spread of radicalism. As quoted by suarapembaruan.com, Director of Communication and Information of the State Intelligence Agency, Wawan Purwanto said in Jakarta (16/11) that however, the ideology of the Pancasila must be instilled both in campuses and in schools. Indonesian people must be aware that the post-reform, Pancasila has been absent in the realm of educational material. He perceived that if Pancasila in campus is not strengthened, of course it will be dangerous and eventually, foreign ideology will enter and it is also tending to be violent, radical and even will be attacking and undermining the government.


In addition, Wawan remarked that so far, President Joko Widodo has launched Pancasila education in both schools and universities. According to Wawan Purwanto, this is a revitalization effort so that finally, all elements of this educated society can again understand how the life of the nation and state based on the Pancasila. He added that by deepening Pancasila in campus, the Indonesian nation again carves out the noble values of the Indonesian people which were indeed born from the roots that had been initiated by the founding fathers of Indonesia.


Wawan Purwanto also emphasized that with the existence of the National Ideology Guards Student Activity Unit (UKM-PIB), students are free from and able to prevent the radicalism in campus. Being sufficient with understanding of Pancasila ideology, students will directly or indirectly be able to fortify themselves.

 

That’sMy Indonesia!

 

 
19
November

The 16th economic policy package that has just been issued is focused on encouraging the entry of foreign capital through direct investment in the country. It is expected that the increase in direct investment will be able to cover the increase in the Current Account Deficit -CAD and increase investor confidence. This was stated by Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, Darmin Nasution at the Presidential Office in Jakarta last Friday (11/16) when launching the 16th Economic Policy Package. Minister Darmin explained that the policies in the 16th package encourage the entry of larger foreign capital, including through Direct Investment. He also argued that Indonesia needs to continue to be prepared to face uncertainties in global economic conditions in 2019. This is worsened with the trade war that will still occur among countries. Relaxation of policies is  implemented by the government to maintain the resilience of the national economy; one of them is by issuing the 16th Economic Policy Package. At least, there are 3 policies implemented, namely expanding the Tax Holiday Reduction Facility, relaxing the Negative Investment List -DNI, and strengthening foreign exchange controls by providing tax incentives for the results of Natural Resources. Minister Darmin Nasution also explained that the policies in the 16th package are a form to encourage the entry of larger foreign capital, including through Direct Investment. Meanwhile, Bank Indonesia -BI will issue a new regulation that is obliged to bring export proceeds (DHE) into the country on January 1, 2019. One of these rules is the implementation of the improvement of the 16th Economic Policy Package. Governor of BI, Perry Warjiyo said that his side would make a special savings account (SSR) for foreign exchange depositors in the new regulation. In the deposit, BI will provide incentives in the form of deposit tax deductions. He also explained that a number of conveniences would be enjoyed by entrepreneurs who earn income from export proceeds, without reducing the need for companies to fulfill their foreign currency obligations. This Foreign Exchange Export Policy is in accordance with Law No. 24/99 concerning the ease of exchanging foreign exchange in Rupiah and providing incentives. Governor Perry added that the incentives to be given to foreign exchange exporters are in the form of deposit tax deductions. This is also regulated and distinguished in the foreign exchange which is saved between dollars and rupiah.

10
November

MY INDONESIA

Written by
Published in Focus

 

This is RRI VOI with daily segment, “My Indonesia” which today is on “Eight State FAO Permanent Representatives Study Indonesian Agriculture”. Stay tuned.

 

Permanent representatives from eight member countries of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Agency (FAO) visited a number of regions in Indonesia from 31 October to 3 November 2018 to study agricultural systems in the country. In a written statement from FAO received in Jakarta on Wednesday (11/7), the delegation was from Algeria, Australia, Chile, Jordan, Nigeria, Norway, Thailand and the United States. They visited two regions namely Central Java and Bali to witness FAO's support for the Indonesian government's efforts in improving agricultural development.

FAO's representative in Indonesia, Stephen Rudgard said, in this field visit they saw firsthand how FAO works in the field and how FAO tries to work well with the beneficiaries and partners. The delegates visited Central Java to witness a demonstration of rice-fish (mina-padi) in Sukoharjo District which is an FAO collaboration with the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries and the government. Mina Padi is a combination of agriculture and fish farming in one field. On that occasion the participants from the eight countries took part in harvesting rice and fish with farmers and Sukoharjo Regent, Wardoyo Wijaya.

After Sukoharjo, the delegation also visited Yogyakarta to study a Ministry of Agriculture program, supported by FAO and the US International Development Assistance Agency (USAID), to detect and eradicate outbreaks of poultry diseases that also threaten the human population. The delegation visited a poultry market and the Veterinary Center in Wates, Kulon Progo.

On the last day, the delegation visited Sibetan Village, Karangasem, Bali, to study the Salak (snake fruit) Agroforestry project proposed by the government as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS).

The proposed GIAHS site includes landscapes that are rich in important biodiversity, which have evolved and adapted in harmony with communities in their environment. Salak Farmers in Sibetan manage agroforestry systems by utilizing local wisdom and philosophy that has been passed down for more than 14 centuries from generation to generation.

Head of delegation, Permanent Representative of Nigeria for FAO Dr. Yaya Adisa Olaitan Olaniran at the end of the visit said that he left Indonesia with enough good memories of how cooperation should be carried out. The FAO delegation highly respects the Government, people and FAO staff in Indonesia.

That was My Indonesia.

12
November

Indonesia hosted the World Creative Economy Conference –WCCE for the first time. Located in Nusa Dua, Bali, the conference lasted 6 to 8 November and was attended by 1.500 participants from more than 30 countries. The WCCE produces the Bali Agenda for Creative Economy which will be delivered at the United Nations General Assembly next year. One of the points of agreement is the election of the United Arab Emirates as the location for implementing the next WCCE in 2020. Head of the Creative Economy Agency -Bekraf, Triawan Munaf said last Thursday (8/11) that the Bali Agenda for Creative Economy is an aspiration and reflection of the importance of the creative economy towards the global economy. Collaboration is needed to support the strengthening of the creative economy ecosystem. The declaration is expected to further strengthen international collaboration at the global level. This reflects the strong commitment of all participants to face challenges and take advantage of creative economic opportunities. Bali Agenda contains issues of capital access, market access, product development, promotion, infrastructure development, and many others. According to Triawan Munaf, Bali Agenda is a milestone in the development of the creative economy. This declaration is the result of a delegation meeting in the Friends of Creative Economy activity held on the first day of the WCCE 2018. The agreement includes four main points divided into 21 derivative points. The first important point is collaboration and collective behavior of the Friends of Creative Economy. The participating countries agreed to establish a Center for the Leading of Creative Economy in Indonesia. This Center of Excellence functions as a platform for creative economic actors from around the world to connect ideas, resources, information, and business concepts, including in the music, culinary, and digital applications. Other points are the development of a creative economic ecosystem; celebration, promotion, and empowerment of sustainable development goals -SDGs, cultural heritage, and diversity; the last point is the determination of the location of the next WCCE implementation. At her speech at the World Creative Economy Conference in Nusa Dua, Bali, Wednesday, 7/11, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Retno Marsudi said that Indonesia would be a creative economic capital in the Southeast Asia region. Indonesia's rich cultural heritage has enabled Indonesia to develop creative industries, fashion, culinary, arts and crafts, and entertainment. This has become an anchor for the Indonesian economy, which enables it to remain strong in the face of the economic crisis. Indonesia has more than enough creative modalities from 700 ethnic groups throughout the archipelago. Thus, Minister Retno perceived that synergy among academics, business, community, government and the media is needed to make it come true.

05
November

President Joko Widodo received Minister of Economy and Energy of the Federal Republic of Germany, Peter Altmaier at the State Palace in Jakarta on last, Thursday (1/11). On the occasion, President Joko Widodo was accompanied by Head of the Investment Coordinating Board -BKPM, Thomas Lembong and Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources -ESDM, Ignasius Jonan. After the meeting, Thomas Lembong explained that President Joko Widodo and Minister Altmaier discussed the industrial revolution 4.0 (four point zero).

"Germany is very strong in industrial internet or b to b, from corporate to corporate, but still weak in b to c, business to consumer. While, we are strong in b to c like tokpedia, traveloka, and bukalapak. It's all b to c. That's an example where our strengths complement each other. Interestingly, the minister conveyed, perhaps the most important of all the industrial technology 4.0 is artificial intelligence, machine intelligence. In his opinion, it is the most powerful creation since the steam engine 200 years ago. In the future in the industrial field, machine intelligence will be the same as the impact electricity. All machines, and all productions will be powered by machine intelligence," said Thomas Lembong.

Head of BKPM, Thomas Lembong said that in addition to industry 4.0, President Joko Widodo and Minister Altmaier also discussed vocational education. This has actually been discussed by Indonesia-Germany during President Joko Widodo's visit to Germany three years ago. The vocational education in this case is vocational training, practical skills for workers to master mechanical engineering, such as industrial machinery and automotive machinery. Regarding industry 4.0 or the fourth industrial revolution, robotics and automation were also discussed. As a follow-up of the Indonesian and German cooperation in the field of vocational education, German Minister of Economy and Energy, Peter Altmaier accompanied by Indonesian Minister of Industry, Airlangga Hartarto visited the Astra Manufacturing Polytechnic in Jakarta on last Thursday (1/11). The arrival of the two ministers was to see first-hand results of cooperation between Germany and Indonesia through the German-Indonesian Economist Association (EKONID) in the field of vocational education. On that occasion, President Director of Astra International and concurrently Chairman of EKONID, Prijono Sugiarto hoped that both countries could continue to collaborate in a bid to educate Indonesian people who have high competitiveness. At present, PT Astra has succeeded in fostering two instructors who won ‘Meister certification’ from Germany in 2017. This year, around 16 students won the certification of 'Deutsche Industrie und Handelskammer' -DIHK in the field of mecha-tronics automotive.

30
October

Every October 28th, the Indonesian nation commemorates the Youth Pledge Day. On October 28, 1928, Youths from various regions in Indonesia swore one homeland, one nation, one language: Indonesia. The Youth Pledge of 1928 is a very important milestone, becoming the foundation in building a pluralistic nation within the framework of the Unitary State of Republic of Indonesia. This was affirmed by Speaker of the House of Representatives –DPR, Bambang Soesatyo.

Quoting idntimes.com report, when attending the National Dialogue with the theme 'Ideology of Pancasila in the Era of Openness and Digitization,' in Surabaya, East Java, Sunday (28/10), Speaker Bambang Soesatyo affirmed that the values in the Youth Pledge are appropriate with the spirit of Pancasila formulated by the founders of the nation, especially in the third principle, Indonesian Unity. In addition, the diversity which is the wealth of the nation must be strongly maintained as the motto ‘Unity in Diversity’.

On that occasion, he reminded that the advancement of information and technology, especially through social media, brings about not only positive progress. But it also negative influence. Discourse, narration and propaganda wars also bring about the swift flow of information that cannot be stopped, including the development of any beliefs and doctrines that is not in line with Pancasila.

Speaker Bambang views that the efforts are needed to re-instill the ideology of Pancasila into the hearts of every Indonesian citizen. At least, there are four main lines that can be carried out. First, it is through the regulation in which Pancasila ideology stabilization law is needed so that the establishment of Pancasila ideology becomes a national system in constitutional politics. Secondly, it is through a policy that is currently carried out by President Joko Widodo in which every policy carried out by the government is the manifestation of Pancasila values. Third, it is through education by instilling the values of Pancasila through formal, non-formal and informal education. Fourth, it is through main and social media as a means of socializing the strengthening of Pancasila ideology.

Meanwhile, Coordinating Minister for Politics, Law and Human Rights, Wiranto in the socialization of the Presidential Instruction for the State Defense in Sidoarjo, East Java (29/10), as quoted by detik.com, said that Pancasila is the nation's ideology. This means that as Indonesian loyal citizens, they have to deeply study the true meanings and values of Pancalsila.

In addition, Minister Wiranto also said that Pancasila cannot be separated from the Unitary State of Republic of Indonesia –NKRI because both are final and must be defended by the Indonesian people. Because, both Pancasila and NKRI have created a lot of advantages for the nation.

That’s My Indonesia!

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